Public Health Laws and Regulations

What Is Public Health Law?

Public health law is a field that focuses legal practice, scholarship, and advocacy on issues involving the government’s legal authorities and duties “to ensure the conditions for people to be healthy,” and how to balance these authorities and duties with “individual rights to autonomy, privacy, liberty, property and other legally protected interests.”

The scope of public health law is broad. Public health law issues range from narrow questions of legal interpretation to complex matters involving public health policy, social justice and ethics.

Read more about this topic in What Is Public Health Law, a publication of the The Network for Public Health Law.

Here are some of the federal, state, and local laws and regulations that the Lewis and Clark Public Health is required to follow and, in some cases, enforce:


HIPAA (Health Information Portability and Accountability Act)

Public Health Regulations, Title 42

FDA Food Code 2013


Clean Indoor Air Act

Youth Access to Tobacco Control Act

Communicable Disease Control Rules

Food and Drug Standards

Montana Administrative Rules for Retail Food Establishments

Health and Safety Laws, MCA, Title 50

Pools, Spas and Other Water Features

Medicaid Rules and Regulations

WIC State Plan


Onsite Wastewater Treatment Regulations

Outdoor Air Quality Regulations

Regulations Governing Soil Disposal and Displacement in the East Helena Superfund Area

Helena Social Host Ordinance  (Title 5, Chapter 14)

Clean Indoor Air Act Implementation Protocol