REQUIREMENTS

These numbers are only the minimum per Montana Codes Annotated. Training for Lewis and Clark County Reserve’s has many more hours devoted to create one of the best reserve. programs in the state of Montana.

7-32-211. Reserve officers authorized.
A local government may authorize reserve officers. A person who meets minimum standards for appointment as a peace officer may be appointed as a reserve officer.

7-32-214. Basic training program required.
(1) A reserve officer may not be authorized to function as a representative of a law enforcement agency performing general law enforcement duties after 2 years from the original appointment unless the reserve officer has satisfactorily completed a minimum 88-hour basic training program that must include but need not be limited to the following course content:
     (a) introduction and orientation--1 hour;
     (b) police ethics and professionalism--1 hour;
     (c) criminal law--4 hours;
     (d) laws of arrest--4 hours;
     (e) criminal evidence--4 hours;
     (f) administration of criminal law--2 hours;
     (g) communications, reports, and records--2 hours;
     (h) crime investigations--3 hours;
     (i) interviews and interrogations--2 hours;
     (j) patrol procedures--6 hours;
     (k) crisis intervention--4 hours;
     (l) police human and community relations--3 hours;
     (m) juvenile procedures--2 hours;
     (n) defensive tactics--4 hours;
     (o) crowd control tactics--4 hours;
     (p) firearms training--30 hours;
     (q) first aid--10 hours; and
     (r) examination--2 hours.

 7-32-216. Limitations on activities of reserve officers.
    
(1) A reserve officer may serve as a peace officer only on the orders and at the direction of the chief law enforcement administrator of the local government.
     (2) A reserve officer may act only in a supplementary capacity to the law enforcement agency.
     (3) Reserve officers:
         (a) are subordinate to full-time law enforcement officers; and
         (b) may not serve unless supervised by a full-time law enforcement officer whose span of control would be considered within reasonable limits.

7-32-217. Restrictions on carrying weapons.
No reserve officer may carry a weapon:
(1) while on assigned duty until the reserve officer has qualified on the firing range with a weapon in compliance with the firearms qualifying course conducted by the Montana law enforcement academy; and
(2) until authorized by the chief law enforcement administrator to carry a weapon.

7-32-218. Status of reserve officer upon activation.
A reserve officer is vested with the same powers, rights, privileges, obligations, and duties as any other peace officer of this state upon being activated by the chief law enforcement administrator of the local government and while on assigned duty only.

7-32-219. Reserve force coordinator.
The chief law enforcement administrator of a law enforcement agency with reserve officers shall appoint a full-time law enforcement officer of the agency as a reserve force coordinator. The reserve force coordinator shall coordinate the activities of the reserve force with those of the law enforcement agency